Nerve pain is the result of nerve damage or a problem with the nervous system.
Nerve pain is the result of nerve damage or a problem with the nervous system. In other words, it's not caused by your nerve itself. You can experience nerve pain for many reasons—for example:
- Overuse injuries can cause pinched nerves and inflammation, which results in pain when you move or use your muscles.
- Trauma from an accident or injury can also cause nerve damage and lead to chronic pain even after your body has healed from the initial incident.
- Spinal stenosis may occur when there is a narrowing of spaces within bones that protect spinal nerves; this condition frequently causes numbness, tingling, and weakness in your legs or arms that worsens over time and may lead to permanent disability if left untreated (1).
The peripheral nervous system connects the nerves from the brain and spinal cord to the rest of the body.
The peripheral nervous system is a network of nerves that connects the brain and spinal cord to all parts of the body. It's made up of two parts:
- The autonomic nervous system controls involuntary actions such as heart rate, blood pressure, digestion and respiration.
- The somatic nervous system controls voluntary actions such as muscle movement.
Common symptoms of nerve pain include burning, stabbing, tingling, and numbness.
Nerve pain is a common symptom of many conditions that affect the nerves, including:
- Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)
- Tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS)
- Radial neuropathy (RN)
- CTS and TTS are more commonly seen in women, while RN is more commonly seen in men.
Some people with nerve damage may have tingling sensations or numbness in the hands or feet. Other people may feel burning pain along with pins and needles sensations, especially when they move their arms or legs.
The intensity of nerve pain depends on how much damage has been done to specific nerves. Nerve pain can be mild or severe and sharp or dull, depending on where it's coming from and what type of nerve cells are affected by disease processes like diabetes mellitus (DM).
There are several different types of peripheral neuropathy: focal, diabetic, chemotherapy/cancer-related.
Focal neuropathies affect only a small area of the body. For example, if you have carpal tunnel syndrome in your wrist, that’s considered a focal neuropathy because the issue exists only in that one small region. Diabetic neuropathy is another example of a focal type of nerve pain because it involves damage to nerves throughout your entire body but specifically affects extremities like hands and feet first. Chemotherapy and cancer-related peripheral nerve injuries also fall into this category since they affect multiple regions simultaneously rather than just one specific part of the body like carpal tunnel syndrome do on its own (though chemotherapy/cancer-related peripheral nerve injuries can happen to any part of your body). Peripheral neuritis refers specifically to inflammation and demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis; axonal degeneration is another form where there is a progressive loss of myelin sheaths covering axons; polyneuritis indicates an inflammatory attack on many nerves at once involving both motor and sensory components; mononeuropathy means there is damage occurring in just one nerve pathway within the entire nervous system without affecting other areas around it while polyneuritis indicates an inflammatory attack on many nerves at once involving both motor and sensory components; mononeuropathy means there is damage occurring in just one nerve pathway within the entire nervous system without affecting other areas around it while polyneuritis indicates an inflammatory attack on many nerves at once involving both motor and sensory components
Nerve pain is a common complaint, but it can be difficult to diagnose. It can result from many different causes and has numerous potential treatments. If you experience persistent nerve pain and suspect that there may be something wrong with your peripheral nerves, it's important to seek medical attention right away so that your doctor can help determine the cause of your symptoms.